What prenatal paternity test all about and where to get them

Everything you need to know about prenatal paternity tests

By Rosemary Zenith
What prenatal paternity test all about and where to get them

What is a prenatal paternity test

If you are pregnant and need to be sure about the baby’s biological father then prenatal paternity test is the solution for you. This test identifies whether a man is the baby’s father or not.

This test is usually a sensitive topic for most of the women in this current society. However, this simple test can open up several doors for you. For example, if you can find out that the father of the child is not the one you expected then you still have a chance not to carry out the pregnancy from your early days. Although this is an option, we strongly advise you to avoid paternity test during pregnancy as it increases the risk for the baby and you.

You can also check to be sure about the baby’s father after the baby is born through this test to have a clear and healthy relationship between the baby and the father. Prenatal paternity test often ends up beings avoided by doctors as this test brings out the question of ethics and morality. This is especially, in a case where you only want to learn about the father’s identity and nothing else.

DNA testing: most trustworthy paternity test

If you are unsure about the identity of the baby’s father and want to certainly do a prenatal paternity test then the best option for you is the DNA test. This test can be done both while being pregnant or after the baby is born.

As you know, the term DNA stands for Deoxyribonucleic acid which is a substance present in nearly all living organisms as the main component of chromosomes. It was highly impossible to do a paternity test with the DNA without the blood or tissue cell collected from the baby. However, with modern technology, DNA prenatal paternity test can be done with just the mother’s blood through a non-invasive blood test and the father’s DNA.

It is now possible to do a fetus DNA test during the 8 weeks of pregnancy without the fear of risking the baby’s life. Since the cells from the fetus freely float during the first 2 months of pregnancy, the paternity test can be easily done by comparing the mother’s cells with the father’s DNA to identify the possible father. This test can be complete within three working days.

The cost of prenatal paternity cost and reviews

Depending on your choice of the prenatal paternity test and the place where you are doing the test, your costing for the prenatal paternity test may vary. The home DNA paternity test which is basically for personal knowledge and peace of mind will cost you nearly $130 to $200. The legal DNA paternity test which comes with court-admissible results for child support, child visitation, and immigration costs around $300 to $500. This also includes personal DNA collection. A non-invasive prenatal paternity test which is done before the baby is born or in the pregnancy period is $1,500 to $2,000.

If the paternity test is conducted as a result of a court order then the costing may be lower than the usual pricing. In such a case, you need to contact the court and learn if there are any specific lab assigned under the court for this test. If not, then get a copy of your court order and go see a gynecologist.

It is highly advisable to do a paternity test after the baby is born or otherwise do it within the first 2 months of the pregnancy to avoid complications and risks of your baby’s health.

There are several online cheap paternity test options available for you. However, cheap medical services like these are often risky and uncertain. If you really need to do a paternity test then go for gynecologists who specialize in DNA paternity tests to ensure a safe and risk-free testing.  

Types of prenatal paternity test

There are mainly three types of prenatal paternity tests that you can choose from. The list is given below - 

Source: Pixabay

Non invasion prenatal paternity test

The non-invasion paternity test can be performed as right on time as the 8th week of pregnancy, which means you can confirm who the father is abas soon as you learn about your pregnancy. Unlike past methods like amniocentesis or a CVS (Chorionic Villus Sampling) test that can cause a miscarriage, a prenatal DNA  testing is totally non-invasive and good for both mother and baby.


This test is performed in the second trimester, anyplace from the fourteenth to twentieth weeks of pregnancy. During this medical process, the doctor uses ultrasound to insert a thin needle into your uterus, through your abdomen. The needle draws out a little measure of amniotic liquid, which gets tested by the specialists. There is a little risk of a shot of hurting the baby and a miscarriage. Other side effects may include cramping, leaking of amniotic liquid, and vaginal bleeding. Before doing this test, it is advisable to talk to your doctor and take his consent. 

Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)

This test comprises of a thin needle which a doctor inserts in the vagina, through the cervix, guided by an ultrasound, to acquire chorionic villi. Chorionic villi are little finger-like bits of tissue joined to the mass of the uterus. The chorionic villi and the baby originate from the fertilized egg and have the same hereditary. This testing should be possible prior in pregnancy from the tenth to thirteenth weeks. A doctor’s permission is expected to do this procedure for paternity testing.

How is non-invasive prenatal paternity test performed?

  1. For this DNA paternity test, you will require a sample of maternal blood through a blood test and either nails or mouth swab tests from the supposed father.
  2. Researchers require the maternal sample to separate the blood plasma, meaning a blood segment containing maternal and sans cell fetal DNA, from the remains of the blood.
  3. When the fetal DNA is segregated from the plasma, it is examined alongside DNA tests from the mother and proclaimed dad.
  4. At the research center, researchers utilize a calculation to figure the comparability of hereditary markers between the fetal DNA and the supposed father's DNA.
  5. In case of the supposed father having the hereditary markers anticipated of the original father is more prominent than 99.9%, the outcome is a paternity inclusion.
  6. On the off chance that the comparability falls inside the scope of non-fathers, the outcome will be a paternity exclusion.

P.S. If you are carrying twins, completing a prenatal paternity test is beyond the realm of imagination, since there is free-floating DNA from both babies in the mother's circulatory system and current technologies do not allow the lab to disengage every baby's profile independently.

Are there free paternity test?

Paternity tests typically come with a fee. Only certain states like Louisana, Alaska and Arizona will pay for the paternity testing first and get reimbursed by one of the parents once the result is established.

Paternity test you can do at home

A home DNA test is a paternity test in which the DNA tests are gathered at home without the printed material/legal documents required for a lawful paternity test. It is portrayed as a self-collection of the hereditary example by the test members. With the sample collecting pack we send, and simple directions, you can collect the DNA samples from the father and the child. You at that point send the cheeks swabs back to DNA Diagnostic Centre and the test will start promptly.

Home paternity DNA tests are very precise, especially when performed by qualified staff in a quality laboratory. You can search for various upcoming accreditations, including the ISO/IEC 17025, which is one sign of scientifically proved testing.


There are various DNA and paternity testing offices around the United States of America. You need to ensure you utilize a facility authorized by the AABB. You can compare different offices and paternity testing laboratories before choosing one spot. DNA Diagnostics Centre is the official paternity testing association of the American Pregnancy Association. They are successfully involved with the AABB and get APA's support for their quality administrations and testing.

With the knowledge of prenatal pregnancy, we hope we have equipped you with sufficient information to make a wise decision.