Female Condom: The Pros And Cons And How To Use One during Sex

Everything explained about the lesser-known female condom

Female Condom: The Pros And Cons And How To Use One during Sex

Who Uses Female Condoms?

Around 3000 BCE there lived a king named Minos who got famous for his poisonous semen after several of his mistresses died after having sex with him. The legend says that the king got the first female condom made out of a goat’s bladder to keep his sexual partners from dying.  

Sexual intercourse is the apex of the romantic relationship but you cannot go wild and not think about the obvious consequences of unsafe sex. Two things can surely happen if you have sex without protection; children and diseases. A condom is a physical barrier for protection against unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases and infections. Of all the contraceptive methods for men and women, female condoms are the least talked about and known by either gender. 

Female condoms were introduced in the late 1900s when Lasse Hessel created the first female condom using hospital gloves. Being an internal contraceptive it did not gain popularity until very recently when in 2002 the Queen’s award was won by the Female Health Company for increased export of female condoms to the developing world. 

A female condom is a plastic pouch with flexible rings at both ends. It is made of latex-free rubber or nitrile. It collects semen by lining the walls of the vagina. As the name suggests, it is used by women to avoid STIs and pregnancies. Female condoms are inserted like tampons and may seem a little tricky at first but with little practice, you will be able to insert and remove them easily. 

Why Are Female Condoms So Hard to Find?

Female condoms remained unpopular for a very long time. Described as failure-prone by FDA, female condoms have received huge negative criticism since their arrival. Mocked by certain media groups and termed as lax by some other, internal condoms remain shady for quite some time. Female condoms are hard to find for a couple of reasons:

  • Some religious groups find female condoms against their religious beliefs. Male being the dominant figure gets to control the sexual matters in several religious groups. According to them, it’s up to a man when he wants to have sex without protection and when he wants to do it with a contraceptive. In certain parts of the world, finding a female condom is near to impossible.
  • In some parts of the world, it is not considered apt for a woman to go to a market and ask for or buy a female condom.   
  • The word “female” with female condoms was not appreciated by many because it has labeled the product for women only when there are people who don’t fall under the female category but still can use these condoms.
  • Another reason is demand and supply. Since female condoms are hardly asked for, their availability in the market has reduced. 
  • Female condoms are considered less effective and harder to use than any other kind of contraceptives because of their tricky placement. They have a 21% failure rate because of their incorrect use.       

Pros and Cons of Using a Female Condom 

Contraceptives serve one purpose; safeguard. Whether it is against unwanted pregnancies or diseases, an effective contraceptive will keep you safe from both. Like every contraceptive product, female condoms come with their own set of pros and cons. Here are a few of them


Female condoms have following plus points

1. Birth Control

Like every contraceptive, female condoms offer protection against an untimely or unwanted pregnancy. The degree to which they are effective can vary depending on insertion technique and care taken before, during and after sex. 

2. Independence

There is no need to rely on the sex partner for the use of contraceptives and no need to worry if he is not using protection. It is particularly beneficial for sex workers as they can always use female condoms to avoid unwanted pregnancy and infection. 

3. Use as Anti-Rape Device

Women around the world face situations on a daily basis where men sexually assault them. An innovative yet controversial product hit the markets in 2005 when a South African doctor Sonnet Ehler introduced a female condom as an anti-rape device. This female condom was designed to use as a precautionary shield against rape and sexual assaults. This product had tiny barbs that would cling to the penis on penetration and only a medical specialist could remove it. As scary as it sounds, the product worked well during the testing phase but could not gain enough popularity.

4. Increased & Long Lasting Pleasure

Whether it is a car or a man, having the controls in your own hands gives an unmatched joy. Female condoms give completely self-controlled sex and you don’t have to put your faith in the contraceptive used by your partner. Since the condom can be inserted up to 8 hours before sex, you don’t have to put in and remove right before and after sex to interrupt the mood.   

5. More Practical

Since male condoms won’t stay in place if erection is lost, female condoms are not misplaced if the penis loses its erection. 


There are several reasons for the unpopularity of female condoms. Few of them are:

1. Not easily available

Female condoms are not as easily available in shops and supermarkets as male condoms.  

2. No variety in sizes

Male condoms come in a variety of sizes and materials whereas female condoms are available in one size only.  

3. Not easy to use

Female condoms require proper placement to be effective. It takes practice to put the condom in the right place to avoid pregnancies and STIs. Less effectiveness is another cause of their less demand.

5. Expensive

One major reason for their less demand and unpopularity is their cost. Female condoms are expensive than male condoms which add to their cons. 

Effectiveness of the Female Condom  

Since their invention, female condoms have remained shady and their demand and popularity decreased over time. There are several religious, cultural and medical issues related to the effectiveness and demand of female condoms. Enlisted below are a few of them.

  • The condom placement is not visible so one can’t be sure if it has been placed properly or not. The incorrect placement can result in the penis going in between the condom and vagina leading to unintended pregnancy.
  • Female condoms have not been found as effective as male condoms as there are 21% chances of getting pregnant in case of wrong placement of the condom.
  • Removal of condoms is also crucial as in case of careless removal, the semen can spill inside the body. You need to twist the outside end of the condom and gently pull it out so the semen remains inside the condom.
  • Female condoms cannot be used when your sex partner is using a male condom. With two condoms, there are more chances of getting female condoms slipped out of position and it can also cause tearing of anyone or both the condoms. It can also cause skin irritation to the sex partners.
  • Although insertion of the female condom is a hassle it can be made pleasurable by making insertion a part of sex.    

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Contraceptives are an important part of sex for both partners. Not every intercourse can or should lead to pregnancy. Although the idea of female condoms emerged as one more option for safe sex but unfortunately it could not gain popularity because of cultural taboos and the effectiveness of the product. Female physiology is different from men and using a condom as a contraceptive is quite tricky for a female. No matter how much it liberates you to have complete control over sex and your partner; there are more chances of getting unwanted results. Lack of knowledge, discomfort, inconvenience, social and cultural restriction lead to a decrease in demand and popularity of internal female condoms.   

At the end of the day, it all comes down to personal preferences. If you feel comfortable using a female condom and are getting maximum pleasure as per your and your partner’s requirement, you should not care for taboos and what people say about female condoms. It is up to you and your partner’s discretion. Whatever feels right for you is right for you. Sex is all about fun and pleasure and it should remain that way. 


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